Who killed Lorca? Why? And where did they dump the body? is a review in three parts of Miguel Caballero’s investigation, Las trece últimas horas en la vida de García Lorca, into the poet’s assassination at the hands of right-wing nationalist extremists.
Part One takes issue with Caballero’s assertion that the killing was not politically motivated, but an act of personal revenge. Yet the political and personal were so intertwined at the time it is practically impossible to unravel them. The truth of the matter is that, although he would have liked to be seen as ‘unpolitical’, for the hard right in Granada Lorca was a ´red’ (a communist, or at least a Friend of Russia, - a communist sympathiser). As was virtually anyone who did not agree with them.
Part Two examines Caballero’s point that on the day of Lorca’s disappearance, 16 August 1936, the Civil Governor José Valdés Guzmán was being substituted by retired lieutenant general of the Guardia Civil Nicolás Velasco Simarro and it was this man who was ultimately responsible for what happened that day. My point is that Velasco and Valdés were the Tweedledum and Tweedledee of the Civil Government: both pursued enemies of the Glorious Movement with equal vehemence and fanaticism. Lorca would have fared no better if Valdés had been in charge that day.
Part Three deals largely with the part played by and the relationship between Juan Luis Trecastro and Ramón Ruiz Alonso, who played Pinky and Perky to Velasco and Valdés’s Tweedledum and Tweedledee. My conclusion is, and I feel it is backed up by Caballero`s meticulously assembled evidence, that some of those involved had personal reasons to pursue Lorca to his death, while others did not, but they all went about it with a similar and shared zeal and commitment to the reactionary nationalist cause, aiming to stamp out the freedoms and opportunities opened up by liberal republican democracy.
Trecastro and Ruiz Alonso. (Pinky and Perky were BBC TV puppet stars of the 1950s.)